Neurological diseases especially stroke are projected to be one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, neurology research and training has been relatively neglected in Uganda. There is lack of good quality on the epidemiology of neurological diseases and clinical outcomes and few on site expert in neurology. Most of the research on neurological diseases in Uganda was done before 1980 and a little or no research has been conducted in the last 30 years. This therefore translates into low levels of awareness in the communities, delayed diagnoses, poorer outcomes and sub-optimal primary care. This award therefore is to expand our highly successful research collaborations in infectious diseases to include neurology, with the goal of designing a program that will substantially improve the capacity for research and training in Uganda and to address the critical shortage of leaders in neurology. The MEPI-neurology program is integrated into two major medical schools in Uganda namely, Makerere University College of Health (MakCHS) and Post graduate Medical Education, Uganda Martyrs University to ensure its sustainability. These medical Schools are collaborating with Case Western Reserve University to provide short term fellowship programs for Ugandan neurology residents and faculty. It’s anticipated that by the end of this program, a critical mass of personnel will have been trained and the research environment for neurology will have been improved hence an increase in publications and improved retention of trained faculty.